Monday, May 29, 2017

Pate Fermentee (France), Poolish (Poland), Biga (Italy), 3 major methods of bread starter

You may ask yourself: what is a starter?  Answer: magic.  Kinda.  Starters are fermented cultures much like beer, wine, yogurt, that we use all the time.
Essentially, a portion of the flour, water and yeast are mixed and allowed to ferment for up to 48 hours before tossing it in with your bread dough.
They also have a limited life, so there is no obligation to remember to feed them and keep them alive, like in sourdough starter.







There are 3 major methods for sponges, depend on the country where they were developed:

1. Patee fermentee (=old dough), from FRANCEused for:  french breadpain de capagnepane siciliano

2. Poolish a wet sponge from POLAND used for:  whole wheat english muffin

3. Biga,a dryer sponge, from  ITALY used for: ciabata breadItalian bread

        All 3 sponges have the same preparing method: mix all the ingredients 2-6h, before you start making bread dough, at room temp, until the surface is bubbling and develop a distinctive smell of yeast.
       At that moment, you refrigerate the sponge until next morning when you mix with the bread dough.


Ingredients:
  1. pate fermentee=old dough, because of salt is equal of a regular bread dough and bakers use a piece of dough from yesterday batch  (good 3 days, refrigerated)
1 and 1/4 cups all-purpose flour
1 and 1/4 cups   bread flour
 1/2 teaspoon instant yeast
 3/4 cup water, at room temperature
 3/4 tsp salt


 2. poolish (wet starter)                                      3. biga (dryer  starter)
 2 and 1/2 cups   bread flour                                                      2 and 1/2 cup  bread flour  
 1/4 teaspoon instant yeast                                                       1/2 teaspoon instant yeast           
 1 and 1/2 cups water (at room temperature)                           3/4 cups water (at room temp)



 










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